h1

Memory and Language

星期二,五月, 8, 2007

Peter C. Gordon

Language Comprehension based on
– memory
  * discourse accessibility

* similarity-based interference
eg: The teacher said that Jonh cheated in the exam.
      (descriptive)             (name)
  John said that the student cheated in the exam.
  (name)              (descriptive)
                                                  vs.
  The teacher said that the student cheated in the exam.
  John said that Bill cheated in the exam.

→ similar NPs resulted in more RT
→ disimilar NPs resulted in less RT.

– information structure

  • topicality of NPs – Alignment with syntactic postions
  • Advertisements
    h1

    这就五月啦

    星期一,五月, 7, 2007

    一个星期没有游泳,再去,好像胳膊腿儿都成别人的了。
    池子里还那么多肉饺,连给喘口气儿的地儿都没有。
    扑腾30分钟走人。累。

    打算善待自己。
    然后爱生活,和别人。
    夏天都来了不是。
    幻想一个菊太郎的夏天!

    阅读更多 »

    h1

    BABBUNDE SHIMSHIMHAE

    星期五,四月, 20, 2007

    原本以为,就我自己找不到北瞎郁闷呢。
    原来大家状况差不多。
    原本以为,是春天来了没个人可谈恋爱闲的呢。
    却原来投身热恋事业的兄弟姐妹们也嚷嚷着无聊。
    可是,为啥呢?
    真是百思不得其解。
    口形不同,送气量不同,导致音效不同…的叹气声,此起彼伏。
    春天来了,万物复苏,只有我们一起生病。

    活佛说,“生命是浑浊的泥水,越折腾越浑浊。要想清澈,只有静止。”
    请赐予我静止吧,厄的神!
    顺便,让我把那万恶的统计制得服服贴贴!!!

    h1

    Verb-argument-structure

    星期三,四月, 18, 2007

    Argument Structure
    The assignment of thematic roles to the constituents (noun-phrases, prepositional phrases, even clauses) that represent the participants in actions, states, and events creates arguments. Some of these arguments are obligatory, depending on the meaning of the verb. Argument structure is what determines whether a verb will have one, two or three obligatory arguments. Thus, “sleep” will have only one, a sleeper. “Break” will have two, a breaker and something broken. “Give” will have three, a giver, a gift, and a receiver. Unlike phrase structure, argument structure does not assign either linear ordering or hierarchical relationships to its components; argument structure has to be mapped onto phrase structure in order to provide these.

    Thematic Role
    In linguistics, a theta role or θ-role is the semantic role a noun phrase plays in a sentence. The term thematic role denotes the same concept. As such it is a semantic rather than a syntactic feature, in contrast to such notions as the subject of a sentence or a prepositional object.
    For instance, in the sentence Debra broke the window, “Debra” is both the subject of the sentence and the agent and “the window” is the object of the verb and the patient. But in The window was broken by Debra, “Debra” is still the agent, even though “the window” is now the subject of the sentence.

    Lemma
    In morphology, a lemma is the canonical form of a lexeme. Lexeme, in this context, refers to the set of all the forms that have the same meaning, and lemma refers to the particular form that is chosen by convention to represent the lexeme. Lemmas have special significance in highly inflected languages such as Czech. In this sense, a lemma can also be called a citation form.
    In psycholinguistics, the terms lemma has a more restricted use: it is an abstract form of a word that is used in speech production. In the best accepted psycholinguistic models, speech production has several stages, and the lemma occurs after the word has been selected mentally, but before any information has been accessed about the sounds in it (and thus before the word can be pronounced). It therefore contains information concerning only meaning and the relation of this word to others in the sentence.

    h1

    哎~

    星期六,四月, 14, 2007

    有哲人说,爱不是爱一个人的优点,而是爱一个人的缺点,因为爱,所以想去补其不足,使其趋向完美。
    这样说来,真的没有爱过。
    哎~

    h1

    闲聊

    星期三,四月, 11, 2007

    昨天的社会认知课在美味的披萨包围下,成了一堂散漫的闲聊课。
    加老师统共8个人,围坐在一起。嘴里还包着面饼,滔滔不绝。
    从婚姻到保险到企业赔偿制度,涵盖广泛。
    当然,也不时穿插counterfactual thinking, anticipated regret, risk-management之类的专业知识。
    很热烈,很风趣,也很…沉重。
    当他们将韩国的现实与美国进行更上层更抽象的观念比较并审视韩国的巨大差距时,
    我却为中国仍挣扎在最基本的物质革新中而失语。

    今天读到评判韩国多宗教文化现实的论文,本是痛快舒畅的,好像终于有人替你出了口气。
    好像我们因此就变得高大起来,距离就一下子缩短了许多。
    可是转念一想,好歹也是在有的基础上追求更高更美的境界。
    我们,却连有的谈不上。幸灾乐祸个什么劲儿呢?
    他们的不好并不代表我们就好,何况他们还有那么多的好。

    路漫漫,太漫漫。

    h1

    匮缺

    星期五,四月, 6, 2007

    兴冲冲跑去福利馆,打算游泳来着,谁知人家周五晚上休息。
    怪自己没看好时间表,坐了一个小时的公车玩儿。累。
    这些日子一直累得不行,总是睡不够。
    助教的那个活儿也没啥事儿,还是在地铁上睡得死去又活来。
    这样的疲惫,连带着心也没法轻盈。

    那天教授在酒后反复问,以后到底想要做什么。
    支支吾吾地就是答不出来。
    早就应该想的,却总是沉淀不下来。
    时间在铺天盖地的论文中一个星期接一个星期的溜走。
    走得,也忒快了点儿。
    晚来的朋友,陆续都要卸任离开。

    忙碌的生活看似充实,没有确定的方向,还是空。
    春天的花都开了啊。