Psy. of Language-Chapter1

星期二,四月, 3, 2007

tacit vs. explicit knowledge
Tacit Knowledge: how to perform various acts
Explicit Knowledge: the processes or mechanisms used in these acts

Semantics– meanings of sentences and words
Syntax– the grammatical arrangement of words within the sentence
Phonology– system of sounds in a language
Pragmatics– the social rules involved in language use

Garden Path Sentences
(women and girls are more likely to use indirect speech than are men and boys)

function words(prepositions, conjunctions,etc.) vs. content words(nouns, verbs, adjectives)

eye-voice span
semantic differential

poverty of stimulus argument(Chomsky)
not enough information in the language samples given to children to fully account for the richness and complexity of children’s language.
–> the language children acquire is intricate and subtle, and the sample of speech given to them during the course of language development is anything but.
Therefore, although parents may assist the child’s language development in some ways and influence the rate of development somewhat, the pattern of development is based not on parental speech but on innate language knowledge.

lexicon, mental dictionary



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